Eye Conditions

Different Eye Conditions and Information

Americans can suffer from a variety of eye conditions – some of which can lead to blindness and other traumatic symptoms. If you suspect you have an eye condition or problem, it’s in your best interest to see an eye doctor immediately.

Cataracts

Cataracts are portions of the eye’s lens that have become cloudy or occluded. Those with cataracts may notice increasing fuzziness with their vision and sensitivity to glare. Normally, this eye condition occurs as part of the aging process in some individuals, though injuries to the eye or excessive sun damage also can cause cataracts to appear.

Conjunctivitis

Also known as pinkeye, conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, a lining around the eyeball and inside of the eyelid. It is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, but it can also occur as part of an allergic reaction. Individuals suffering from conjunctivitis may experience a thick green or yellow eye discharge that temporarily seals the eyelids shut.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Many eye conditions occur in conjunction with diabetes. The most common of these conditions is diabetic retinopathy, though diabetics may also experience cataracts or glaucoma as time goes on.

Drusen

A specific but common form of age-related macular degeneration, drusen is characterized by small yellowish deposits beneath the macula and indicates a thinning or degeneration of the optic nerve.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition when fluid pressure in the eyeball grows without relief, causing damage to the optic nerve. Under normal circumstances, the fluid in the eyeball circulates. When the conduit for this circulation becomes blocked or otherwise non-functional, glaucoma can occur.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration occurs when the macula (a spot on the retina used for central vision) begins to experience nerve damage. The two forms of macular degeneration are drusen (referred to as “dry”) and neovascular (referred to as “wet”). Neovascular macular degeneration occurs when blood vessels grow beneath the macula and subsequently leak, killing retinal cells and impairing vision.

Malignant Melanoma

Malignant melanoma is a form of skin cancer. It is entirely possible for tumors to appear on the eyelids and possibly metastasize – causing damage to the eyes and possibly the brain.

Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment occurs when the retina at the back of one or both eyes becomes physically detached from the supporting tissues of the eyeball. As there is no pain involved from a detached retina, there isn’t an immediate indicator that the retina is becoming detached, though individuals may experience flashes of light or diminished peripheral vision.

Retinoschisis

Retinoschisis is a form of retinal detachment where the retina detaches in layers. Cysts can form between these layers, causing blurred vision. Left untreated, it can lead to complete retinal detachment.

If you are seeking treatment for any of these eye conditions or diseases, our team at Eye to Eye Care can help. Contact us today to learn more about our treatment options.